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Further reading and viewing about betrayal trauma and traumas disproportionately experienced by Black Lives Matter activists.

Cultural Betrayal Trauma Theory

Cultural betrayal trauma theory. Jennifer M. Gómez, Ph.D. (2021, October 5). Retrieved December 9, 2021, from

DeVylder, J., Fedina, L., & Link, B. (2020). Impact of police violence on mental health: A theoretical framework. American Journal of Public Health, 110(11), 1704–1710.

Gorski, P. C. (2019). Fighting racism, battling burnout: Causes of activist burnout in US racial justice activists. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 42(5), 667–687.

Physicians for Human Rights. (2020).  A targeted attack on the Bronx. Retrieved September 24, 2021, from

Resources about Insurance Disparities in Mental Health Access

You may wish to share these with colleagues and community to support education and advocacy regarding the challenges faced by individuals in locating affordable, insurance-covered mental health care ( note: it is a structural issue not a personal one!)

Gnaulati, E., (2018, April 30). The woeful underfunding of psychotherapy by health insurers. Mad In America. Retrieved December 9, 2021, from


Gold, J. (2020, July 10). Health insurers are still skimping on Mental Health Coverage. Iowa Public Radio. Retrieved December 9, 2021, from

Petersen, A. (2021, October 5).

Why it's so hard to find a therapist who takes insurance. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved December 9, 2021, from

Resources for Advocacy: List
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